October 16, 2014

Mushroom Workshop, Part 2/きのこ講習会、パート2

First of all, here is a list (all in Japanese) of mushroom workshops held in Niigata prefecture.

まずは、新潟県で開催されるきのこ講習会のリスト



These mushrooms were gathered by either the lecturer (and his assistants?) or participants.
下記のきのこは、講師(およびその助手?)または参加者が採ったきのこです。

Left: A species in Cortinariaceae, inedible
Right: Masutake (Laetiporus sulphureus), edible, inedible
左: フウセンタケの仲間、不可食
右: マスタケ、可食、不可食
Masutake is edible only when young.
マスタケは幼菌(ようきん)の時だけ食べれます。

Left: Hotei shimeji (Clitocybe clavipes), edible, but CANNOT BE HAD WITH ALCOHOL
Right: Nameko (Pholiota nameko), edible
左: ホテイシメジ、可食だが、アルコールと一緒には食べれない。
右: ナメコ、可食
Avoid having hoteishimeji 24 hours before and after having alcohol.
ホテイシメジは、アルコール摂取の24時間前後、食べないように。

Left: Kuritake (Hypholoma sublateritium), edible
Right: Ezo haritake, edible
左: クリタケ
右: エゾハリタケ、可食
As mentioned in the Wikipedia page linked to above, kuritake is considered inedible or even poisonous in Europe.
リンクしたWikipediaのページに述べられている通り、ヨーロッパでは、クリタケは不可食または毒きのこと考えられています。

Top left: Hatsutake (Lasctarius hatsudake), edible
Top right: Sugiedatake (Strobilurus ohshimae), edible
Bottom left: Murasaki houkitake, edible
Bottom right: Shiro kikurage (Tremella fuciformis), edible
左上: ハツタケ、可食
右上: スギエダタケ、可食
左下: ムラサキホウキタケ、可食
右下: シロキクラゲ、可食
Top left: Suppontake (Phallus impudicus), edible
Bottom left: Mukitake (Panellus serotinus), edible
Bottom right: Chaname tsumu take (Pholiota lubrica), edible
左上:スッポンタケ、可食
左下: ムキタケ、可食
右下: チャナメツムタケ、可食
Caution: Mukitake looks like tsukiyotake (poisonous), and
chaname tsumu take looks like kakishimeji (poisonous).
注意: ムキタケはツキヨタケ(毒)に、チャナメツムタケ(毒)はカキシメジに似ています。

Center: Murasaki shimeji (Clitocybe nuda), edible
Bottom right: Saketsuba take (Stropharia rugosoannulata), edible
中央: ムラサキシメジ、可食
右下: サケツバタケ、可食
Puffballs
ホコリタケ
Edible when young. Soft ones that have a hole at the top center are no longer edible. Edible ones are firm, and white inside. Ones that are gray or brown inside are no longer edible.
幼菌の時は可食です。上部中央に穴がある、柔らかいのはもう食べれません。食べれるのは固くて、中が白いものです。中が灰色、茶色のは、もう食べれません。

Hatake shimeji (Lyophyllum decastes), edible
ハタケシメジ、可食
Left: Naratake (Armillaria mellea), edible
Right: Momitake (Catathelasma ventricosum), edible
Left: Oshiroitake (Tyromyces chioneus), edible
Right: Yamabushitake (Hericium erinaceus), edible
Dokusasako (Clitocybe acromelalga)

ドクササコ
POISONOUS! The sheet of paper says that there was a poisoning case in Ojiya city (Niigata prefecture) last year. Take a close look at these photos and never pick them.
毒きのこです!紙には、一昨年(去年)、小千谷市(新潟県)で中毒例があったと書かれています。写真をよく見て、決して採らないようにしてください。
When young, it looks like naratake (honey mushroom).
幼菌の時は、ナラタケに似ています。
Tamashiro onitake (Amanita abrupta)
タマシロオニタケ
POISONOUS


Sugihira take (Pleurocybella porrigens), poisonous
スギヒラタケ、毒
Has been consumed for centuries, but is now considered poisonous. (Some people still eat it.)
何世紀も食べられて来ましたが、今では毒きのこと考えられています(また食べている人もいます)。

Sakura take (Mycena pura), poisonous
サクラタケ、毒
Aka kabairo take (Russura compacta), poisonous
アカカバイロタケ、毒
Is it really poisonous?
本当に毒きのこなんでしょうか?

Dokubeni take (Russula emetica), poisonous
ドクベニタケ、毒
Kotamago tengu take (Amanita citrina var. citrina), very poisonous
コマタゴテングタケ、猛毒(もうどく)
Benitengu take (Amanita muscaria), poisonous
ベニテングタケ、毒
Oo warai take (Gymnopilus junonius), poisonous
オオワライタケ、毒
Sugitake (Pholiota squarrosa), poisonous
スギタケ、毒
Used to be thought edible, but is now considered poisonous.
以前は可食と思われていましたが、現在では毒きのこと思われています。

Nigakuri take (Hypholoma fasciculare), very poisonous
ニガクリタケ、猛毒
Tsukiyotake (Omphalotus japonicus, Omphalotus guepiniformis), poisonous
ツキヨタケ、毒
How can the lecturer identify such small mushrooms?
講師はこんな小さいきのこをどうやって特定できるんでしょう?

Lecturer giving a lecture on mushrooms
きのこの話をしている講師

I'm really glad I participated in the workshop. I have learned a great deal! I encourage anyone wishing to gather wild mushrooms to participate in such a workshop.
講習会に参加して、本当に良かったです。色々と学びました!野生のきのこを採りたいと思っている人は、このような講習会に参加するといいと思います。

14 comments:

dentistvschef said...

what a fun workshop!!!
i love this kind of foraging class....

Hiroyuki said...

dentisttvschef: Yes, it's fun! But, you have to learn a lot to make sure you pick only edible mushrooms!

9895039531 seeandoh said...

This is a great deal of info on mushrooms. You are going to be an authority on mushrooms...!! Mushrooms, the edible ones are really nutritious and tasty. I need to look for some edible ones here..

9895039531 seeandoh said...

I see some black powder like substance on poisonous mushrooms. Is that right ? I see it here also. Is that an indication of a poisonous mushroom ?

Hiroyuki said...

seeandoh: I have no idea what poisonous mushrooms look like in your country/area, but I don't see any black powder on poisonous mushrooms in Japan. It is necessary to memorize poisonous mushrooms one by one.

Yubun said...

I would love to learn how to forage for mushroom, since I see them all the time when I'm hiking and I love the taste of wild mushroom. I'm just afraid I'll poison myself by mis-identifying the mushroom. I should probably just leave this to the experts.........

Fräulein Trude said...

Mycena pura has a really funny name in the german language: the radish helmet thingy (most of the time our mushrooms have funny names). It is considered slightly poisonous - poisonous as in hallucinogenic / magic mushroom. But most of the time the muscarin content is very very low, so the mushroom is not really poisonous at all.
This looks like a fun event. We have the same kind of events here: People going mushroom hunting in a mushroom loaded forest and meadow area accompanied by some experts. Afterwards they will analyse their harvest. I missed it last month: it took place on a nasty cold rainy saturday starting a 9:00 am. Decided to stay at home.

Hiroyuki said...

Yubun: Well, I guess you can gather all the mushrooms you can find and bring them to an expert for inspection. By continuing to do that, you can learn about mushrooms little by little.

Hiroyuki said...

Kiki: I understand that Germans love mushrooms. Funny names reflect your love for them?

What I have learned about the toxicity of mushrooms is that the tendency is to be on the safe side. Some of the mushrooms that used to be thought edible have now been considered inedible or poisonous. Sugitake is one such example.

As for the weather, we were lucky; typhoon No. 19 had no impact on the workshop.

Sissi said...

I wish we had the same here. I have never heard of such workshops.
In France, the law states that every pharmacist must (for free!) analyse a client's mushroom basket if the clients have doubts. I know someone who lives in an area with lots of forests and people come quite often.
Pharmacists not only are trained during their studies, but of course the have big mushroom guides, so the person leaves always the basket for several hours and then comes back. The pharmacist I know says that whenever he has a slightest doubt, he throws out the uncertain mushrooms (otherwise it would be dangerous to give them back). I wish such a thing existed in every country!

Hiroyuki said...

Sissi: Yes, I remember you commenting about pharmacists giving free mushroom identification service. I wish such a system existed in Japan! (laugh)

Niigata prefecture is very enthusiastic in organizing such workshops probably because the number of mushroom poisoning cases here is among the top every season.

Sissi said...

Sorry for repeating myself... I'm getting old ;-)

Yangsze said...

Wow, I wish I could have gone to such a workshop too! And Sissi, how wonderful that the pharmacists in France can help you identify mushrooms! Here in California the drought has been so bad that I don't think there will be many mushrooms at all this year :(

Hiroyuki said...

Yangsze: In Japan, hokenjo (public health centers) offer a similar service free of charge.